American Indian Tribes (Magill's Choice)(2 Volume Set) by R. Kent Rasmussen

By R. Kent Rasmussen

Quite a few American Indian tribes are surveyed from precedent days to the 20 th century during this reference assortment. The insurance beings with evaluate essays at the ten significant cultural/geographical components: Arctic, California, nice Basin, Northeast, Northwest Coast, Plains, Plateau, Southeast, Southwest, and Subarctic. those are through greater than three hundred alphabetically prepared entries on person tribes. The set concludes with ten appendices: academic associations and courses; gala's and Pow-wows; Museums, documents, and Libraries; firms, businesses, and Societies; Populations of U.S. Reservations; Reservations: US; Reserves and Bands: Canada; Time Line; Mediagraphy; and Bibliography. the ultimate merchandise during this notable paintings is a complete topic index.

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Storable foods were traded for furs, nuts, obsidian, shells, flints, and other items. Three Northeast Subregions. Many scholars consider the Northeast culture area to consist of three major subregions: the coastal region, the St. Lawrence lowlands region, and the Great Lakes-riverine region. The coastal region included the area from the Atlantic Provinces of Canada to as far south as North Carolina. It was inhabited primarily by Eastern Algonquian speakers in a continuum along the coast, with a few Iroquoian-speaking bands in what is now coastal Virginia and North Carolina.

Like their Eskimo neighbors farther north, Subarctic Indians maintained a network of customs in common that, in good times, helped celebrate nature’s bounty. One tribal meeting was the “potlatch,” when food-gathering tasks were temporarily suspended and groups from afar could share shelter, gifts, and storytelling, either with distant kin or “friendly” neighbors. Religious traditions in these northern areas were usually based on a belief in spiritual forces coming both from the sky and the earth, including living spirits in the form of animals or one’s deceased kin.

These areas usually have access to open water all year round, with the result that their climates are heavily maritime influenced. In southern Alaska, for example, Koniag and Chugach Eskimos are reported to have gone much of the year in bare feet. In the High Arctic and interior regions of Canada and Alaska, a cold continental climate prevails. Language. On the basis of sound and grammar, Eskimo and Aleut are recognized as being related. Although regarded as a unified language family, they are mutually unintelligible.

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