Agriculture, Biodiversity and Markets: Livelihoods and by Stewart Lockie, David Carpenter

By Stewart Lockie, David Carpenter

Debate approximately how top to make sure the upkeep of agricultural biodiversity is stuck in a counter-productive polemic among proponents and critics of market-based tools and agricultural modernisation. This ebook argues that neither place does justice to the diversity of techniques that farmers use to control agrobiodiversity and different livelihood resources as they adapt to altering social, fiscal, and environmental conditions. Chapters discover relationships among the exploitation and conservation of agricultural biodiversity and the livelihoods of agricultural groups, and assessment the skill of nationwide and multilateral associations and coverage settings to help the security and catch by way of groups of agrobiodiversity values. where of surroundings providers in valuing biodiversity on the market is emphasised. a few authors determine the potential of market-based tools and tasks to inspire the security of biodiversity, whereas others examine agrobiodiversity/community relationships, and the effectiveness of tools designed to reinforce those, throughout foreign limitations. The ebook takes a comparative method, drawing on empirical case reviews from around the built and constructing worlds. In doing so, the booklet doesn't easily aspect to similarities and adjustments within the event of rural groups. It additionally exhibits how worldwide exchange and multilateral associations carry those another way disparate groups jointly in networks that make the most and/or guard agrobiodiversity and different assets.

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Additional info for Agriculture, Biodiversity and Markets: Livelihoods and Agroecology in Comparative Perspective

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Agroecology aims to exploit the complementarity and synergisms that result from combining different components of both planned and associated biodiversity including crops, trees, and animals in spatial and temporal arrangements such as polycultures, agroforestry systems, and crop-livestock mixtures. Agroecologists encourage agricultural practices which increase the abundance and diversity of above and below-ground organisms and which in turn provide key ecological services to agroecosystems (Reijntjes et al, 1992).

2000) ‘Linking agricultural biodiversity and food security: The valuable role of agrobiodiversity for sustainable agriculture’, International Affairs, vol 76, no 2, pp265–281 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) (1992) Convention on Biological Diversity. Concluded at Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992. O. (1988) Biodiversity, National Academic Press, Washington, DC 14 Agriculture, Biodiversity and Markets World Bank (2003) Guatemala Western Altiplano Natural Resources Management Project: Project Appraisal Document, World Bank Report No.

The manipulation of a specific weed species, a particular weed control practice, or the level of weediness of a cropping system can affect the ecology of insect pests and associated natural enemies (Altieri and Letourneau, 1982). Weeds also positively affect the biology and dynamics of beneficial insects, and offer many important requisites for natural enemies such as alternative prey/hosts, pollen, or nectar as well as microhabitats that are not available in weed-free monocultures (Altieri and Letourneau, 1984).

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