By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley
Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for tutorial positions - is a arguable yet unusually universal perform the world over. This booklet is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the motives, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.
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Extra info for Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global Perspectives
Most such studies explore the impact of inbreeding on individuals’ scientiﬁc productivity and academic communications. 36 Academic Inbreeding: State of the Literature Hiring from within has been studied in the United States since the beginning of the 20th century, and today there are many papers on inbreeding in the US context (see, for instance, Miller 1918; Eells and Cleveland 1935a; McGee 1960; Hargens and Farr 1973; Dutton 1980; Pan 1993 and others). Most of these studies, except those of McGee (1960) and Wyer and Conrad (1984), proved the negative impact of inbreeding on the scientiﬁc performance of faculty.
In this section, possible measures to eliminate inbreeding, as well as ways to deal with the problems it presents, have been discussed. In different countries, various strategies have been tested. Most of the literature on the topic shows that institutionalized measures that either forbid hiring one’s own graduates or make the selection and promotion mechanisms more transparent and competitive are rather useful, and can help to diminish the level of inbreeding in universities. National cases Case studies of particular countries or regions may be an interesting source of information to deepen our understanding of the reasons for and consequences of inbreeding.
The author not only compares inbred and noninbred faculty but also distinguishes between mobile and pure inbreds, silver-corded academics, adherents, and noninbred academics. The results of the analysis prove that pure inbreds supervised fewer theses and published less in international journals, but, at the same time, their national output was a bit higher compared to other, more mobile academics. The general conclusion the author comes to is, in Portugal, more mobile academics publish more in international journals and less in national ones and are less internally oriented.