A Theologico-Political Treatise by Benedict de Spinoza, R. H. M. Elwes

By Benedict de Spinoza, R. H. M. Elwes

Written by way of the Dutch thinker Baruch Spinoza, the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus or Theologico-Political Treatise used to be probably the most debatable texts of the early sleek interval. It was once a preemptive safety of Spinoza's later paintings, Ethics, released posthumously in 1677, for which he expected harsh feedback. The treatise was once released anonymously in 1670 via Jan Rieuwertsz in Amsterdam. as a way to shield the writer and writer from political retribution, the identify web page pointed out town of book as Hamburg and the writer as Henricus Kunraht. It was once written in New Latin instead of the vernacular Dutch in an try to stay away from censorship by way of the secular Dutch specialists.

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By some unexplained diabolical faculty. (74) The principal passage of Scripture which they cite, by way of confirming their theory with its authority, is Exodus xxxiii:16, where Moses says to God, "For wherein shall it be known here that I and Thy people have found grace in Thy sight? is it not in that Thou goest with us? " (75) From this they would infer that Moses asked of God that He should be present to the Jews, and should reveal Himself to them prophetically; further, that He should grant this favour to no other nation.

41) This sufficiently shows that before He founded the Israelitish nation God constituted kings and priests in Jerusalem, and ordained for them rites and laws. (42) Whether He did so prophetically is, as I have said, not sufficiently clear; but I am sure of this, that Abraham, whilst he sojourned in the city, lived scrupulously according to these laws, for Abraham had received no special rites from God; and yet it is stated (Gen. xxvi:5), that he observed the worship, the precepts, the statutes, and the laws of God, which must be interpreted to mean the worship, the statutes, the precepts, and the laws of king Melchisedek.

106) Of such a possibility we have a very famous example in the Chinese. (107) They, too, have some distinctive mark on their heads which they most scrupulously observe, and by which they keep themselves apart from everyone else, and have thus kept themselves during so many thousand years that they far surpass all other nations in antiquity. (108) They have not always retained empire, but they have recovered it when lost, and doubtless will do so again after the spirit of the Tartars becomes relaxed through the luxury of riches and pride.

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