By Ive Marx
Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been all for the concept the complicated welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The middle proposal is that the transition from an business to a postindustrial surroundings has introduced with it an entire new set of social dangers, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social safeguard structures. a brand new Social query? analyzes that query extensive, with specific cognizance to the matter of source of revenue safety and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. it will likely be helpful studying for a person attracted to realizing the way forward for eu social coverage.
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Additional info for A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era (Changing Welfare States Series)
Indd 55 8-12-2006 15:12:47 The interaction with socio-demographic and other factors In addition, there is the role of non-economic factors. Non-employment trends are too easily reduced to a labour demand issue. In fact, the increased dependency rate among the low-skilled can only be understood fully if viewed as a product of a complex interaction between economic, social (socio-demographic) and policy factors. This point is perhaps best illustrated by taking the example of single mothers, a population segment with exceptionally high non-employment and dependency rates, especially among the least skilled.
One can see quite clearly, then, how an essentially socio-demographic trend, in the context of a benefit policy that has moved towards improved protection has contributed to the increase in non-employment among low-skilled single mothers. 6 Some Direct Evidence that the Capacity for Economic Self-Reliance Has Declined As I have tried to show, the problem is how to interpret pre-transfer poverty trends. The convenient and indeed common interpretation is that the pre-transfer poverty rate reflects the extent of poverty that would prevail in absence of direct redistribution.
The empirical evidence that we possess suggests that the degree of inequality between the low-skilled and the high-skilled has declined rather than increased. The period 19761985 in particular appears to have been one of a substantial levelling of incomes, as the high-skilled saw their net earned incomes decline. This was partly due to high inflation during this period, but also to an increase in the fiscal burden. The data also suggest that the high-skilled made up ground after 1985, so that the degree of inequality is now comparable to that of 1976.