A Modern History of the Islamic World by Reinhard Schulze

By Reinhard Schulze

The Islamic international - these nations the place Islam is the dominant or most vital faith - encompasses territories as some distance aside as Morocco, Indonesia, Somalia and Bosnia, and comprises an awfully assorted diversity of societies and cultures. Charting the 20th-century historical past of those societies, this e-book examines either what they've got in universal and their both profound changes. Political swap presents the chronological framework for the booklet, yet is visible all through within the context of tradition and society. establishing with a survey of the influence of colonialism and its attendant modernism at the Islamic global, the writer strikes directly to discover the increase of bourgeois nationalism within the Twenties and Nineteen Thirties, the period of independence activities (1939-1958), the advanced courting among Islamic cultures and the "republican" political tradition of the 3rd global (1956-1973), the reassertion of Islamic ideologies within the Nineteen Seventies and Nineteen Eighties, and the problems surrounding the connection among Islamic tradition and civil society that experience ruled debate within the early Nineties.

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Members of the ulama in different areas of the Islamic community now set about to work out a new Islamic theory of modernism. Their major concern was to reconcile modernism with theology and thus provide the Islamic world with an access to the modern world by way of Islamic culture. This theology was meant to be thoroughly idealistic. In the timeless example set by the ‘forefathers’, its exponents saw an orientation which would make Islam an upholder of progress which, in the spirit of the time, they defined as the most important characteristic of modernism.

17 Even outside the narrower realm of Islamic theology, the message of the Salafiya had a stimulating effect. ’18 What was real to them was no longer technical progress as such, which many a poet had previously acclaimed, but the country in which they lived. The 19th century as the age of technology seemed to lose its significance for many classicists. Thus the Egyptian journalist Khalil al-Ghawish, the father of an Islamic politician who later became famous, emphatically took his leave from the past century: Finally I say that the 19th century has reached its end, and has even gone too far in material matters; it has also shown great shortcomings in cultural matters and in those perfect things that actually make the human being into a real human being.

Initially, the majority of the colonial states depended on the political, economic and social traditions which had already been decisive in determining a territory before the 19th century. The colonial powers then adapted these traditions to suit their interests and aligned those 28 a modern history of the islamic world territories in which older state or ethnic traditions ran counter to colonial interests. Finally, all colonial regions were adjoined to power blocs centred on Europe, so that even local political events, like the conquest of the city of Riyadh, were only possible within the context of international power politics.

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